Natural resource management typically involves conflicting values and goals. For example, logging can damage wildlife habitat. Fuel treatments can increase sediment delivery downstream. Developing analytical methods that can quantify the tradeoffs behind these goals is at the forefront of Sándor F. Tóth’s research. He seeks answers to such questions as, how much timber revenue would have to be forgone to increase carbon sequestration, provide clean water or reduce fire hazard in a particular area. What is the cost of reserve contiguity? How would the health and integrity of a forest ecosystem be affected if a certain amount of woody bioenergy was to be produced? Not only does Tóths research contribute to a better understanding of the production possibilities and tradeoffs of managing natural resources, but it also sheds light on how we value these tradeoffs via monetary commitments. Tóth argues that such information is critical to making decisions that better reflect societal expectations.